The problems, and solutions, to the IIoT (Authentise Weekly News-In-Review – #110)

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is taking hold on many industrial settings, and yet we are still far from reaping its true benefits. There are multiple reasons for this, and they have to do with the technical limitations of dealing with a large number of sensors and data, how to interpret it correctly and efficiently and how to create a reliable mesh network to tie it all together. AI may look promising for data handling and predictive systems. However, there are many angles to iron out before these make feasible solutions. AI’s prowess on self-teaching may fall short when, to be useful, it would have to learn and predict countless possibilities of a complex industrial setting. Established technologies, or novel combinations of them, can bring exciting opportunities to the table. RFID tagging for warehouse traceability is a dream come true for spoiling inventories while merging long-range connectivity with cloud services can satisfy a large portion of IIoT applications.

How IIoT and RFID deal with perishable inventory

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In North America alone, billions of dollars of food spoil before reaching customers each year. In the pharmaceutical industry, temperature-sensitive products are regularly damaged due to inappropriate shipping and storing conditions. To gain better visibility into the location and the condition of perishable inventory items, businesses can turn to RFID and IIoT technologies.

Read the full article at Smart Industry.

Is Artificial Intelligence the Answer for IIoT?

Many AI methods are self-taught, so they avoid the need for process mapping and other tedious analytical processes, making it seem to be the right fit for IIoT. Yet, only a few methods will apply. The most useful methods are not greedy for impossible amounts of data. They focus machine learning in explainable ways. The rest will fail badly.

Read more here.

Using LoRa and Google Cloud for IIoT Applications

Image of a gateway communicating with the cloud on LoRa

Pairing LoRa connectivity with the Google Cloud Platform (GCP) can serve a wide range of industrial IoT (IIoT) use cases. The longevity and resilience of LoRa paired with GCP’s robust architecture and commitment to scalable innovation provides industrial operators with the tools they need to build the world of tomorrow.

Read more here.

 

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Sideways innovation: unexpected avenues of discovery (Authentise Weekly News-In-Review – #109)

Innovation isn’t always a straightforward process. Sometimes to even begin to diagnose the problems we need a new perspective on the system as a whole, and that might mean researching curious tangents. Take flying taxis as an example: in our quest to one day see them whizzing over us, we never considered the systemic bottleneck of the manufacturing of high-tech materials like carbon fibers. Insights like this happen when we look beyond sheer innovation, thinking holistically of the topic at hand and not being blindsided by the shiny new technological grail. IIoT may one day benefit greatly from the blockchain, but is it ready for prime time in cybersecurity applications? Should we look at more traditional and effective approaches while we crack the infrastructure that will make it viable? Let’s look beyond the initial goal, let’s find interesting tangents to our research. Old materials can be reinvented with 3D printing, one of the many technologies that give us the tools to question everything.

Blockchain May Be Overkill For Most IIoT Security

Blockchain crops up in many of the pitches for security software aimed at the industrial IoT. However, IIoT project owners, chipmakers and OEMs should stick with security options that address the low-level, device- and data-centered security of the IIoT itself, rather than the effort to promote blockchain as a security option as well as an audit tool.

Read the full article at Semiengineering.

The Need For Carbon Fiber Could Ground The Flying-Car Future

Icon’s struggle to ramp up production of an airplane it initially promised for $139,000 can be blamed mostly on its heavy use of carbon fiber—a material that cuts weight and adds strength, but also adds complexity and cost to the manufacturing process.

Read more here.

Dichroic 3D-printing material changes color with point of view

A miniature goblet printed from the new material appears both opaque brown and translucent violet

In use since at least the 4th century AD, dichroic glass displays different colors depending on how it’s being viewed. Now, Dutch scientists have produced the effect in a material that can be used to create 3D-printed objects – and it’s not just a novelty, as it could have practical applications.

Read the full article here.

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Maybe now Manufacturers will take Cyber-security seriously? (Authentise Weekly News-In-Review – Week 84)

A bunch of manufacturing related cybersecurity stories hit the news in the last week. We hold little hope that it will change things.

First, over 150 GB of raw manufacturing data was released into the wild, then a customised virus hit the manufacturing operations of iPhone semiconductor supplier TCMS in a hit that was reminiscent of the Stuxnet attack on Iran’s centrifuges, and nobody noticed when an Israeli company suggested a way to get around the intercept problem uncovered by Chris Williams @Virginia a few years ago.

Truth is, despite representing 16% of GDP in the US, manufacturing is still seriously flummoxed by cybersecrutiy.  The gut reaction of many in the industry is simply to say: let’s not connect our devices then. That is increasingly impossible and dangerous to growth. Continued resilience to solutions will hamper our ability to bring manufacturing into the 21st century. We’ve presented solutions (both technological and theoretical) but await a more dynamic response from the industry. Maybe we’ll see more at IMTS this year? Join us there!

More Than 150 Gigabytes of Manufacturing Data Found Exposed on Web

A misconfigured data transfer server left sensitive data from big name car makers and their employees wide open to the Internet earlier this month, a security vendor has revealed. Itnews.com reports that documents belonging to more than 100 manufacturing companies were exposed on a publicly accessible server belonging to Level One Robotics, …

Read the full article on Assembly Magazine.

iPhone Chipmaker Races to Recover After Crippling Computer Virus

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., which makes chips for the iPhone and other devices, is recovering from a debilitating computer virus but warned of delayed shipments and reduced revenue because of the impact on its factories.

TSMC said that 80 percent of the fabrication tools affected by a virus outbreak Friday evening had been restored and that it expects full recovery on Monday. …

Read the full article on Bloomberg.

Researchers Develop Audio-Based Method to Detect 3D Printing Cyber-Attacks

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel researchers has published a study titled “Digital Audio Signature for 3D Printing Integrity”, examining the use of “audio fingerprints” to help detect cyber-attacks on 3D printers.
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Read the full article on All3DP.

Counterfeiting within the new digital thread (Authentise Weekly News-In-Review – Week 47)

The augmented possibilities of 3D printing within the manufacturing industry hide new kinds of threats and dangers which should be confronted seriously. The nature of the new digital thread being formed within industrial businesses worldwide is such that new avenues of malicious interventions, theft or even sabotage become decentralized and digitized. CAD files can be corrupted remotely and invisibly; Intellectual Property (IP) can be stolen directly or be accessed by digitizing (3D scanning) physical assets; 3D printers’ firmware and control sensors can be compromised to alter the printing results invisibly to the human eye. Counterfeiting is high on the list of perils. The international community is moving to secure AM processes by installing safe practices within the thread. Authentise has very recently announced a partnership with Prototech to enable automatic watermarking of printed objects. New roads of securing 3D printed object are being explored, like leaving chemical signatures that are only readable through X-rays.

3D printing presents cyber security risks for aircraft manufacturers, says Atlantic Council report

The Atlantic Council, a Washington, D.C. think-tank has released a new report which outlines the benefits and risks of 3D printing within the aviation sector. The report is entitled “Aviation Security: Finding Lift, Minimizing Drag.” […] According to the report, additive manufacturing opens up the possibility for three main kinds of cyberattacks: deny, which consists of the disruption of deletion of firmware, software, and product designs; compromise, which is the theft of intellectual property and product design files; and sabotage, which refers to “undetected modification” of printing files with the intention of weakening parts and corrupting their functions.

Write the full report here.

ProtoTech Solutions and Authentise Enable Automatic Watermarks For 3D Printing

Authentise, a leader in process automation software for additive manufacturing, today announced that it has partnered with ProtoTech Solutions, a niche software development company in the CAD/CAM/CAE, 3D visualization and data interoperability domain, to help 3Diax customers automatically embed watermarks such as serial numbers into digital designs. This enables more efficient and reliable tracking and sorting of parts within factories. It also has the potential to significantly speed up the supply chain and reduce the number of counterfeit parts in circulation.

Check out the full press release here.

Chemical Ghost Signature Protect DED 3D Printed Parts From Counterfeiting

DED 3D printed titanium samples with varying taggant depths used in the InfraTrac study. Photo via 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing journal.

The solution proposed by Dr. Sharon Flank et al. from InfraTrac, is to add spectral signatures to the 3D printed parts that can only be read via x-ray. This technique is more cost effective than some of the other methods of experimentation as it can be conducted using off-the-shelf devices. […] In InfraTrac’s study, an Optomec M7 LENS system is used to 3D print titanium alloy samples. Chemical taggants are added to the parts at different depths, and scanned using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy analysis in lab conditions.

Read the full article here.

 

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We’ll be at Formnext 2017 between the 14th-17th of November! Come check us out at booth Booth # 3.1-A33.