The augmented possibilities of 3D printing within the manufacturing industry hide new kinds of threats and dangers which should be confronted seriously. The nature of the new digital thread being formed within industrial businesses worldwide is such that new avenues of malicious interventions, theft or even sabotage become decentralized and digitized. CAD files can be corrupted remotely and invisibly; Intellectual Property (IP) can be stolen directly or be accessed by digitizing (3D scanning) physical assets; 3D printers’ firmware and control sensors can be compromised to alter the printing results invisibly to the human eye. Counterfeiting is high on the list of perils. The international community is moving to secure AM processes by installing safe practices within the thread. Authentise has very recently announced a partnership with Prototech to enable automatic watermarking of printed objects. New roads of securing 3D printed object are being explored, like leaving chemical signatures that are only readable through X-rays.
3D printing presents cyber security risks for aircraft manufacturers, says Atlantic Council report
The Atlantic Council, a Washington, D.C. think-tank has released a new report which outlines the benefits and risks of 3D printing within the aviation sector. The report is entitled “Aviation Security: Finding Lift, Minimizing Drag.” […] According to the report, additive manufacturing opens up the possibility for three main kinds of cyberattacks: deny, which consists of the disruption of deletion of firmware, software, and product designs; compromise, which is the theft of intellectual property and product design files; and sabotage, which refers to “undetected modification” of printing files with the intention of weakening parts and corrupting their functions.
Write the full report here.
ProtoTech Solutions and Authentise Enable Automatic Watermarks For 3D Printing
Authentise, a leader in process automation software for additive manufacturing, today announced that it has partnered with ProtoTech Solutions, a niche software development company in the CAD/CAM/CAE, 3D visualization and data interoperability domain, to help 3Diax customers automatically embed watermarks such as serial numbers into digital designs. This enables more efficient and reliable tracking and sorting of parts within factories. It also has the potential to significantly speed up the supply chain and reduce the number of counterfeit parts in circulation.
Check out the full press release here.
Chemical Ghost Signature Protect DED 3D Printed Parts From Counterfeiting
The solution proposed by Dr. Sharon Flank et al. from InfraTrac, is to add spectral signatures to the 3D printed parts that can only be read via x-ray. This technique is more cost effective than some of the other methods of experimentation as it can be conducted using off-the-shelf devices. […] In InfraTrac’s study, an Optomec M7 LENS system is used to 3D print titanium alloy samples. Chemical taggants are added to the parts at different depths, and scanned using x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy analysis in lab conditions.
Read the full article here.
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